Cell-to-cell variability in JAK2/STAT5 pathway components and cytoplasmic volumes defines survival threshold in erythroid progenitor cells.

Abstract:

Survival or apoptosis is a binary decision in individual cells. However, at the cell-population level, a graded increase in survival of colony-forming unit-erythroid (CFU-E) cells is observed upon stimulation with erythropoietin (Epo). To identify components of Janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (JAK2/STAT5) signal transduction that contribute to the graded population response, we extended a cell-population-level model calibrated with experimental data to study the behavior in single cells. The single-cell model shows that the high cell-to-cell variability in nuclear phosphorylated STAT5 is caused by variability in the amount of Epo receptor (EpoR):JAK2 complexes and of SHP1, as well as the extent of nuclear import because of the large variance in the cytoplasmic volume of CFU-E cells. 24-118 pSTAT5 molecules in the nucleus for 120 min are sufficient to ensure cell survival. Thus, variability in membrane-associated processes is sufficient to convert a switch-like behavior at the single-cell level to a graded population-level response.

Citation: Cell Rep. 2021 Aug 10;36(6):109507. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2021.109507.

Date Published: 10th Aug 2021

Registered Mode: by PubMed ID

Authors: L. Adlung, P. Stapor, C. Tonsing, L. Schmiester, L. E. Schwarzmuller, L. Postawa, D. Wang, J. Timmer, U. Klingmuller, J. Hasenauer, M. Schilling

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Created: 19th Nov 2021 at 07:36

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