Publications

230 Publications visible to you, out of a total of 230

Abstract (Expand)

Background Many functional analysis tools have been developed to extract functional and mechanistic insight from bulk transcriptome data. With the advent of single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq), it is in principle possible to do such an analysis for single cells. However, scRNA-seq data has characteristics such as drop-out events and low library sizes. It is thus not clear if functional TF and pathway analysis tools established for bulk sequencing can be applied to scRNA-seq in a meaningful way. Results To address this question, we perform benchmark studies on simulated and real scRNA-seq data. We include the bulk-RNA tools PROGENy, GO enrichment, and DoRothEA that estimate pathway and transcription factor (TF) activities, respectively, and compare them against the tools SCENIC/AUCell and metaVIPER, designed for scRNA-seq. For the in silico study, we simulate single cells from TF/pathway perturbation bulk RNA-seq experiments. We complement the simulated data with real scRNA-seq data upon CRISPR-mediated knock-out. Our benchmarks on simulated and real data reveal comparable performance to the original bulk data. Additionally, we show that the TF and pathway activities preserve cell type-specific variability by analyzing a mixture sample sequenced with 13 scRNA-seq protocols. We also provide the benchmark data for further use by the community. Conclusions Our analyses suggest that bulk-based functional analysis tools that use manually curated footprint gene sets can be applied to scRNA-seq data, partially outperforming dedicated single-cell tools. Furthermore, we find that the performance of functional analysis tools is more sensitive to the gene sets than to the statistic used.

Authors: Christian H. Holland, Jovan Tanevski, Javier Perales-Patón, Jan Gleixner, Manu P. Kumar, Elisabetta Mereu, Brian A. Joughin, Oliver Stegle, Douglas A. Lauffenburger, Holger Heyn, Bence Szalai, Julio Saez-Rodriguez

Date Published: 1st Dec 2020

Publication Type: Not specified

Abstract (Expand)

Biological models often contain elements that have inexact numerical values, since they are based on values that are stochastic in nature or data that contains uncertainty. The Systems Biology Markup Language (SBML) Level 3 Core specification does not include an explicit mechanism to include inexact or stochastic values in a model, but it does provide a mechanism for SBML packages to extend the Core specification and add additional syntactic constructs. The SBML Distributions package for SBML Level 3 adds the necessary features to allow models to encode information about the distribution and uncertainty of values underlying a quantity.

Authors: Lucian P. Smith, Stuart L. Moodie, Frank T. Bergmann, Colin Gillespie, Sarah M. Keating, Matthias König, Chris J. Myers, Maciek J. Swat, Darren J. Wilkinson, Michael Hucka

Date Published: 1st Aug 2020

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

Tightly interlinked feedback regulators control the dynamics of intracellular responses elicited by the activation of signal transduction pathways. Interferon alpha (IFNalpha) orchestrates antiviral responses in hepatocytes, yet mechanisms that define pathway sensitization in response to prestimulation with different IFNalpha doses remained unresolved. We establish, based on quantitative measurements obtained for the hepatoma cell line Huh7.5, an ordinary differential equation model for IFNalpha signal transduction that comprises the feedback regulators STAT1, STAT2, IRF9, USP18, SOCS1, SOCS3, and IRF2. The model-based analysis shows that, mediated by the signaling proteins STAT2 and IRF9, prestimulation with a low IFNalpha dose hypersensitizes the pathway. In contrast, prestimulation with a high dose of IFNalpha leads to a dose-dependent desensitization, mediated by the negative regulators USP18 and SOCS1 that act at the receptor. The analysis of basal protein abundance in primary human hepatocytes reveals high heterogeneity in patient-specific amounts of STAT1, STAT2, IRF9, and USP18. The mathematical modeling approach shows that the basal amount of USP18 determines patient-specific pathway desensitization, while the abundance of STAT2 predicts the patient-specific IFNalpha signal response.

Authors: F. Kok, M. Rosenblatt, M. Teusel, T. Nizharadze, V. Goncalves Magalhaes, C. Dachert, T. Maiwald, A. Vlasov, M. Wasch, S. Tyufekchieva, K. Hoffmann, G. Damm, D. Seehofer, T. Boettler, M. Binder, J. Timmer, M. Schilling, U. Klingmuller

Date Published: 23rd Jul 2020

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

Can three-dimensional, microvasculature networks still ensure blood supply if individual links fail? We address this question in the sinusoidal network, a plexus-like microvasculature network, which transports nutrient-rich blood to every hepatocyte in liver tissue, by building on recent advances in high-resolution imaging and digital reconstruction of adult mice liver tissue. We find that the topology of the three-dimensional sinusoidal network reflects its two design requirements of a space-filling network that connects all hepatocytes, while using shortest transport routes: sinusoidal networks are sub-graphs of the Delaunay graph of their set of branching points, and also contain the corresponding minimum spanning tree, both to good approximation. To overcome the spatial limitations of experimental samples and generate arbitrarily-sized networks, we developed a network generation algorithm that reproduces the statistical features of 0.3-mm-sized samples of sinusoidal networks, using multi-objective optimization for node degree and edge length distribution. Nematic order in these simulated networks implies anisotropic transport properties, characterized by an empirical linear relation between a nematic order parameter and the anisotropy of the permeability tensor. Under the assumption that all sinusoid tubes have a constant and equal flow resistance, we predict that the distribution of currents in the network is very inhomogeneous, with a small number of edges carrying a substantial part of the flow-a feature known for hierarchical networks, but unexpected for plexus-like networks. We quantify network resilience in terms of a permeability-at-risk, i.e., permeability as function of the fraction of removed edges. We find that sinusoidal networks are resilient to random removal of edges, but vulnerable to the removal of high-current edges. Our findings suggest the existence of a mechanism counteracting flow inhomogeneity to balance metabolic load on the liver.

Authors: J. Karschau, A. Scholich, J. Wise, H. Morales-Navarrete, Y. Kalaidzidis, M. Zerial, B. M. Friedrich

Date Published: 1st Jul 2020

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

Systems biology has experienced dramatic growth in the number, size and complexity of computational models describing biology. To reproduce simulation results and reuse models, researchers need to exchange precise and unambiguous descriptions of model structure and meaning. SBML (the Systems Biology Markup Language) is a community-developed format for this purpose. The latest edition, called SBML Level 3, has a modular structure, with a core suited to representing reaction-based models, and packages that extend the core with features suited for a variety of model types. Examples include constraint-based models, reaction-diffusion models, logical network models, and rule-based models. SBML and its rich software ecosystem have transformed the way systems biologists build and interact with models, and has played an important role in increasing model interoperability and reuse over the past two decades. More recently, a rise of multiscale models of whole cells and organs, and new data sources such as single cells measurements and live imaging, have precipitated new ways of integrating data and models. SBML Level 3 provides the foundation needed to support this evolution.

Authors: SM Keating, D Waltemath, M König, F Zhang, A Dräger, C Chaouiya, FT Bergmann, A Finney, CS Gillespie, T Helikar, S Hoops, RS Malik-Sheriff, SL Moodie, II Moraru, CJ Myers, A Naldi, BG Olivier, S Sahle, JC Schaff, LP Smith, MJ Swat, DT, L Watanabe, DJ Wilkinson, ML Blinov, K Begley, JR Faeder, HF Gómez, TM Hamm, Y Inagaki, W Liebermeister, AL Lister, D Lucio, E Mjolsness, CJ Proctor, K Raman, N Rodriguez, CA Shaffer, BE Shapiro, J Stelling, N Swainston, N Tanimura, J Wagner, M Meier-Schellersheim, HM Sauro, B Palsson, H Bolouri, H Kitano, Akira Funahashi, H Hermjakob, JC Doyle, M Hucka, SBML Community members

Date Published: 1st Jul 2020

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract

sbmlsim: Python utilities for simulating SBML models available at https://github.com/matthiaskoenig/sbmlsim.

Author: Matthias König

Date Published: 1st Jul 2020

Publication Type: Misc

Abstract (Expand)

This paper presents a report on outcomes of the 10th Computational Modeling in Biology Network (COMBINE) meeting that was held in Heidelberg, Germany, in July of 2019. The annual event brings together researchers, biocurators and software engineers to present recent results and discuss future work in the area of standards for systems and synthetic biology. The COMBINE initiative coordinates the development of various community standards and formats for computational models in the life sciences. Over the past 10 years, COMBINE has brought together standard communities that have further developed and harmonized their standards for better interoperability of models and data. COMBINE 2019 was co-located with a stakeholder workshop of the European EU-STANDS4PM initiative that aims at harmonized data and model standardization for in silico models in the field of personalized medicine, as well as with the FAIRDOM PALs meeting to discuss findable, accessible, interoperable and reusable (FAIR) data sharing. This report briefly describes the work discussed in invited and contributed talks as well as during breakout sessions. It also highlights recent advancements in data, model, and annotation standardization efforts. Finally, this report concludes with some challenges and opportunities that this community will face during the next 10 years.

Authors: Dagmar Waltemath, Martin Golebiewski, Michael L Blinov, Padraig Gleeson, Henning Hermjakob, Michael Hucka, Esther Thea Inau, Sarah M Keating, Matthias König, Olga Krebs, Rahuman S Malik-Sheriff, David Nickerson, Ernst Oberortner, Herbert M Sauro, Falk Schreiber, Lucian Smith, Melanie I Stefan, Ulrike Wittig, Chris J Myers

Date Published: 29th Jun 2020

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

This special issue of the Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics presents papers related to the 10th COMBINE meeting together with the annual update of COMBINE standards in systems and synthetic biology.Not specified

Authors: Falk Schreiber, Björn Sommer, Tobias Czauderna, Martin Golebiewski, Thomas E. Gorochowski, Michael Hucka, Sarah M. Keating, Matthias König, Chris Myers, David Nickerson, Dagmar Waltemath

Date Published: 29th Jun 2020

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

OBJECTIVE: The rs641738C>T variant located near the membrane-bound O-acyltransferase domain containing 7 (MBOAT7) locus is associated with fibrosis in liver diseases, including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), alcohol-related liver disease, hepatitis B and C. We aim to understand the mechanism by which the rs641738C>T variant contributes to pathogenesis of NAFLD. DESIGN: Mice with hepatocyte-specific deletion of MBOAT7 (Mboat7(Deltahep)) were generated and livers were characterised by histology, flow cytometry, qPCR, RNA sequencing and lipidomics. We analysed the association of rs641738C>T genotype with liver inflammation and fibrosis in 846 NAFLD patients and obtained genotype-specific liver lipidomes from 280 human biopsies. RESULTS: Allelic imbalance analysis of heterozygous human liver samples pointed to lower expression of the MBOAT7 transcript on the rs641738C>T haplotype. Mboat7(Deltahep) mice showed spontaneous steatosis characterised by increased hepatic cholesterol ester content after 10 weeks. After 6 weeks on a high fat, methionine-low, choline-deficient diet, mice developed increased hepatic fibrosis as measured by picrosirius staining (p<0.05), hydroxyproline content (p<0.05) and transcriptomics, while the inflammatory cell populations and inflammatory mediators were minimally affected. In a human biopsied NAFLD cohort, MBOAT7 rs641738C>T was associated with fibrosis (p=0.004) independent of the presence of histological inflammation. Liver lipidomes of Mboat7(Deltahep) mice and human rs641738TT carriers with fibrosis showed increased total lysophosphatidylinositol levels. The altered lysophosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol subspecies in MBOAT7(Deltahep) livers and human rs641738TT carriers were similar. CONCLUSION: Mboat7 deficiency in mice and human points to an inflammation-independent pathway of liver fibrosis that may be mediated by lipid signalling and a potentially targetable treatment option in NAFLD.

Authors: V. R. Thangapandi, O. Knittelfelder, M. Brosch, E. Patsenker, O. Vvedenskaya, S. Buch, S. Hinz, A. Hendricks, M. Nati, A. Herrmann, D. R. Rekhade, T. Berg, M. Matz-Soja, K. Huse, E. Klipp, J. K. Pauling, J. A. Wodke, J. Miranda Ackerman, M. V. Bonin, E. Aigner, C. Datz, W. von Schonfels, S. Nehring, S. Zeissig, C. Rocken, A. Dahl, T. Chavakis, F. Stickel, A. Shevchenko, C. Schafmayer, J. Hampe, P. Subramanian

Date Published: 26th Jun 2020

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

A standardized approach to annotating computational biomedical models and their associated files can facilitate model reuse and reproducibility among research groups, enhance search and retrieval of models and data, and enable semantic comparisons between models. Motivated by these potential benefits and guided by consensus across the COmputational Modeling in BIology NEtwork (COMBINE) community, we have developed a specification for encoding annotations in Open Modeling and EXchange (OMEX)-formatted archives. Distributing modeling projects within these archives is a best practice established by COMBINE, and the OMEX metadata specification presented here provides a harmonized, community-driven approach for annotating a variety of standardized model and data representation formats within an archive. The specification primarily includes technical guidelines for encoding archive metadata, so that software tools can more easily utilize and exchange it, thereby spurring broad advancements in model reuse, discovery, and semantic analyses.

Authors: Maxwell L. Neal, John H. Gennari, Dagmar Waltemath, David P. Nickerson, Matthias König

Date Published: 25th Jun 2020

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

Small‐molecule flux in tissue‐microdomains is essential for organ function, but knowledge of this process is scant due to the lack of suitable methods. We developed two independent techniques that allow the quantification of advection (flow) and diffusion in individual bile canaliculi and in interlobular bile ducts of intact livers in living mice, namely Fluorescence Loss After Photoactivation (FLAP) and Intravital Arbitrary Region Image Correlation Spectroscopy (IVARICS). The results challenge the prevailing ‘mechano‐osmotic’ theory of canalicular bile flow. After active transport across hepatocyte membranes bile acids are transported in the canaliculi primarily by diffusion. Only in the interlobular ducts, diffusion is augmented by regulatable advection. Photoactivation of fluorescein bis‐(5‐carboxymethoxy‐2‐nitrobenzyl)‐ether (CMNB‐caged fluorescein) in entire lobules demonstrated the establishment of diffusive gradients in the bile canalicular network and the sink function of interlobular ducts. In contrast to the bile canalicular network, vectorial transport was detected and quantified in the mesh of interlobular bile ducts. In conclusion, the liver consists of a diffusion dominated canalicular domain, where hepatocytes secrete small molecules and generate a concentration gradient and a flow‐augmented ductular domain, where regulated water influx creates unidirectional advection that augments the diffusive flux.

Authors: Nachiket Vartak, Georgia Guenther, Florian Joly, Amruta Damle‐Vartak, Gudrun Wibbelt, Jörns Fickel, Simone Jörs, Brigitte Begher‐Tibbe, Adrian Friebel, Kasimir Wansing, Ahmed Ghallab, Marie Rosselin, Noemie Boissier, Irene Vignon‐Clementel, Christian Hedberg, Fabian Geisler, Heribert Hofer, Peter Jansen, Stefan Hoehme, Dirk Drasdo, Jan G. Hengstler

Date Published: 19th Jun 2020

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

PK-DB is a database and web interface for pharmacokinetics data and information from clinical trials as well as pre-clinical research. PK-DB allows to curate pharmacokinetics data integrated with the corresponding meta-information. PK-DB is available at https://pk-db.com

Authors: Matthias König, Jan Grzegorzewski

Date Published: 1st Jun 2020

Publication Type: Misc

Abstract

Not specified

Authors: Stefan Hoehme, Rolf Gebhardt, JG Hengstler, D. Drasdo

Date Published: 18th May 2020

Publication Type: Misc

Abstract

Not specified

Authors: Adrian Friebel, Tim Johann, Dirk Drasdo, Stefan Hoehme

Date Published: 18th May 2020

Publication Type: Misc

Abstract

Not specified

Authors: Bjoern Goldenbogen, Stephan O. Adler, Oliver Bodeit, Judith AH Wodke, Aviv Korman, Lasse Bonn, Ximena Martinez de la Escalera, Johanna E L Haffner, Maria Krantz, Maxim Karnetzki, Ivo Maintz, Lisa Mallis, Rafael U Moran Torres, Hannah Prawitz, Patrick Segelitz, Martin Seeger, Rune Linding, Edda Klipp

Date Published: 6th May 2020

Publication Type: Unpublished

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