Publications

306 Publications visible to you, out of a total of 306

Abstract (Expand)

Multi-target drugs (MTDs) are emerging alternatives to combination therapies. Since both histone deacetylases (HDACs) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) are known to be overexpressed in several cancer types, we herein report the design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a library of dual HDAC-COX inhibitors. The designed compounds were synthesized via an efficient parallel synthesis approach using preloaded solid-phase resins. Biological in vitro assays demonstrated that several of the synthesized compounds possess pronounced inhibitory activities against HDAC and COX isoforms. The membrane permeability and inhibition of cellular HDAC activity of selected compounds were confirmed by whole-cell HDAC inhibition assays and immunoblot experiments. The most promising dual inhibitors, C3 and C4, evoked antiproliferative effects in the low micromolar concentration range and caused a significant increase in apoptotic cells. In contrast to previous reports, the simultaneous inhibition of HDAC and COX activity by dual HDAC-COX inhibitors or combination treatments with vorinostat and celecoxib did not result in additive or synergistic anticancer activities.

Authors: Luisa M. Bachmann, Maria Hanl, Felix Feller, Laura Sinatra, Andrea Schöler, Jens Pietzsch, Markus Laube, Finn K. Hansen

Date Published: 1st Feb 2023

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract

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Authors: Stefan Hoehme, Seddik Hammad, Jan Boettger, Brigitte Begher-Tibbe, Petru Bucur, Eric Vibert, Rolf Gebhardt, Jan G. Hengstler, Dirk Drasdo

Date Published: 2023

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract

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Authors: Le Tao, Guangyue Yang, Tiantian Sun, Jie Tao, Chan Zhu, Huimin Yu, Yalan Cheng, Zongguo Yang, Mingyi Xu, Yuefeng Jiang, Wei Zhang, Zhiyi Wang, Wenting Ma, Liu Wu, Dongying Xue, Dongxue Wang, Wentao Yang, Yongjuan Zhao, Shane Horsefield, Bostjan Kobe, Zhe Zhang, Zongxiang Tang, Qigen Li, Qiwei Zhai, Steven Dooley, Ekihiro Seki, Ping Liu, Jianrong Xu, Hongzhuan Chen, Cheng Liu

Date Published: 2023

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract

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Authors: Rilu Feng, Kejia Kan, Carsten Sticht, Yujia Li, Shanshan Wang, Hui Liu, Chen Shao, Stefan Munker, Hanno Niess, Sai Wang, Christoph Meyer, Roman Liebe, Matthias P. Ebert, Steven Dooley, Huiguo Ding, Honglei Weng

Date Published: 1st Dec 2022

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

Erythropoietin (Epo) ensures survival and proliferation of colony-forming unit erythroid (CFU-E) progenitor cells and their differentiation to hemoglobin-containing mature erythrocytes. A lack of Epo-induced responses causes embryonic lethality, but mechanisms regulating the dynamic communication of cellular alterations to the organismal level remain unresolved. By time-resolved transcriptomics and proteomics, we show that Epo induces in CFU-E cells a gradual transition from proliferation signature proteins to proteins indicative for differentiation, including heme-synthesis enzymes. In the absence of the Epo receptor (EpoR) in embryos, we observe a lack of hemoglobin in CFU-E cells and massive iron overload of the fetal liver pointing to a miscommunication between liver and placenta. A reduction of iron-sulfur cluster-containing proteins involved in oxidative phosphorylation in these embryos leads to a metabolic shift toward glycolysis. This link connecting erythropoiesis with the regulation of iron homeostasis and metabolic reprogramming suggests that balancing these interactions is crucial for protection from iron intoxication and for survival.

Authors: S. Chakraborty, G. Andrieux, P. Kastl, L. Adlung, S. Altamura, M. E. Boehm, L. E. Schwarzmuller, Y. Abdullah, M. C. Wagner, B. Helm, H. J. Grone, W. D. Lehmann, M. Boerries, H. Busch, M. U. Muckenthaler, M. Schilling, U. Klingmuller

Date Published: 20th Sep 2022

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

The characterization of novel radiotracers toward their metabolic stability is an essential part of their development. While in vitro methods such as liver microsome assays or ex vivo blood or tissue samples provide information on overall stability, little or no information is obtained on cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme and isoform-specific contribution to the metabolic fate of individual radiotracers. Herein, we investigated recently established CYP-overexpressing hepatoblastoma cell lines (HepG2) for their suitability to study the metabolic stability of radiotracers in general and to gain insight into CYP isoform specificity. Wildtype HepG2 and CYP1A2-, CYP2C19-, and CYP3A4-overexpressing HepG2 cells were incubated with radiotracers, and metabolic turnover was analyzed. The optimized protocol, covering cell seeding in 96-well plates and analysis of supernatant by radio thin-layer-chromatography for higher throughput, was transferred to the evaluation of three (18)F-labeled celecoxib-derived cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors (coxibs). These investigations revealed time-dependent degradation of the intact radiotracers, as well as CYP isoform- and substrate-specific differences in their metabolic profiles. HepG2 CYP2C19 proved to be the cell line showing the highest metabolic turnover for each radiotracer studied here. Comparison with human and murine liver microsome assays showed good agreement with the human metabolite profile obtained by the HepG2 cell lines. Therefore, CYP-overexpressing HepG2 cells provide a good complement for assessing the metabolic stability of radiotracers and allow the analysis of the CYP isoform-specific contribution to the overall radiotracer metabolism.

Authors: S. Lemm, S. Kohler, R. Wodtke, F. Jung, J. H. Kupper, J. Pietzsch, M. Laube

Date Published: 7th Aug 2022

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

Objectives. We assessed the potential of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) as a useful biomarker to predict cirrhosis in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. Methods. A total of 735nts. Methods. A total of 735 patients from two medical centers (385 CHB patients and 350 healthy controls) were included to determine the association of serum and tissue GDNF levels with biopsy-proven cirrhosis. The diagnostic accuracy of serum GDNF (sGDNF) was estimated and compared with other indices of cirrhosis. Results. We showed significantly higher levels of sGDNF in CHB patients with fibrosis (28.4 pg/ml vs. 11.6 pg/ml in patients without) and patients with cirrhosis (33.8 pg/ml vs. 23.5 pg/ml in patients without). The areas under receiver operating curve (AUROCs) of sGDNF were 0.83 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.80–0.87) for predicting liver fibrosis and 0.84 (95% CI: 0.79–0.89) for cirrhosis. Findings from the serum protein level and hepatic mRNA expression were consistent. Using the best cutoff to predict cirrhosis, we categorized the patients into sGDNF-high and sGDNF-low groups. The sGDNF-high group had significantly larger Masson’s trichrome and reticulin staining-positive area, higher Scheuer score, and METAVIR fibrosis stage (all p < 0.001 ) but not steatosis. On multivariable regression, sGDNF was independently associated with cirrhosis with an odds ratio of 6.98 (95% CI: 1.10–17.94). Finally, we demonstrated that sGDNF outperformed AST to platelet ratio index, FIB-4, fibroscore, forn index, and fibrometer in differentiating F4 vs. F3. Conclusion. Using serum, tissue mRNA, and biopsy data, our study revealed a significant potential of sGDNF as a novel noninvasive biomarker for cirrhosis in CHB patients.

Authors: Guangyue Yang, Liping Zhuang, Tiantian Sun, Yee Hui Yeo, Le Tao, Wei Zhang, Wenting Ma, Liu Wu, Zongguo Yang, Yanqin Yang, Dongying Xue, Jie Zhang, Rilu Feng, Ebert Matthias P., Steven Dooley, Ekihiro Seki, Ping Liu, Cheng Liu

Date Published: 9th Jul 2022

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

In health and disease, liver cells are continuously exposed to cytokines and growth factors. While individual signal transduction pathways induced by these factors were studied in great detail, the cellular responses induced by repeated or combined stimulations are complex and less understood. Growth factor receptors on the cell surface of hepatocytes were shown to be regulated by receptor interactions, receptor trafficking and feedback regulation. Here, we exemplify how mechanistic mathematical modelling based on quantitative data can be employed to disentangle these interactions at the molecular level. Crucial is the analysis at a mechanistic level based on quantitative longitudinal data within a mathematical framework. In such multi-layered information, step-wise mathematical modelling using submodules is of advantage, which is fostered by sharing of standardized experimental data and mathematical models. Integration of signal transduction with metabolic regulation in the liver and mechanistic links to translational approaches promise to provide predictive tools for biology and personalized medicine.

Authors: Lorenza A. D’Alessandro, Ursula Klingmüller, Marcel Schilling

Date Published: 30th Jun 2022

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), recently also re-defined as metabolic dysfunction associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), is rapidly increasing, affecting ~25% of the world population. MALFD/NAFLD represents a spectrum of liver pathologies including the more benign hepatic steatosis and the more advanced non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH is associated with enhanced risk for liver fibrosis and progression to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatic stellate cells (HSC) activation underlies NASH-related fibrosis. Here, we discuss the profibrogenic pathways, which lead to HSC activation and fibrogenesis, with a particular focus on the intercellular hepatocyte-HSC and macrophage-HSC crosstalk.

Authors: P. Subramanian, J. Hampe, F. Tacke, T. Chavakis

Date Published: 23rd Jun 2022

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

Physiological liver cell replacement is central to maintaining the organ’s high metabolic activity, although its characteristics are difficult to study in humans. Using retrospective radiocarbon (14C) birth dating of cells, we report that human hepatocytes show continuous and lifelong turnover, allowing the liver to remain a young organ (average age <3 years). Hepatocyte renewal is highly dependent on the ploidy level. Diploid hepatocytes show more than 7-fold higher annual birth rates than polyploid hepatocytes. These observations support the view that physiological liver cell renewal in humans is mainly dependent on diploid hepatocytes, whereas polyploid cells are compromised in their ability to divide. Moreover, cellular transitions between diploid and polyploid hepatocytes are limited under homeostatic conditions. With these findings, we present an integrated model of homeostatic liver cell generation in humans that provides fundamental insights into liver cell turnover dynamics.

Authors: Paula Heinke, Fabian Rost, Julian Rode, Palina Trus, Irina Simonova, Enikő Lázár, Joshua Feddema, Thilo Welsch, Kanar Alkass, Mehran Salehpour, Andrea Zimmermann, Daniel Seehofer, Göran Possnert, Georg Damm, Henrik Druid, Lutz Brusch, Olaf Bergmann

Date Published: 1st Jun 2022

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

Objective Multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2) is a bottleneck in bilirubin excretion. Its loss is sufficient to induce hyperbilirubinaemia, a prevailing characteristic of acute liver failure (ALF)aracteristic of acute liver failure (ALF) that is closely associated with clinical outcome. This study scrutinises the transcriptional regulation of MRP2 under different pathophysiological conditions. Design Hepatic MRP2, farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and Forkhead box A2 (FOXA2) expression and clinicopathologic associations were examined by immunohistochemistry in 14 patients with cirrhosis and 22 patients with ALF. MRP2 regulatory mechanisms were investigated in primary hepatocytes, Fxr −/− mice and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated mice. Results Physiologically, homeostatic MRP2 transcription is mediated by the nuclear receptor FXR/retinoid X receptor complex. Fxr −/− mice lack apical MRP2 expression and rapidly progress into hyperbilirubinaemia. In patients with ALF, hepatic FXR expression is undetectable, however, patients without infection maintain apical MRP2 expression and do not suffer from hyperbilirubinaemia. These patients express FOXA2 in hepatocytes. FOXA2 upregulates MRP2 transcription through binding to its promoter. Physiologically, nuclear FOXA2 translocation is inhibited by insulin. In ALF, high levels of glucagon and tumour necrosis factor α induce FOXA2 expression and nuclear translocation in hepatocytes. Impressively, ALF patients with sepsis express low levels of FOXA2, lose MRP2 expression and develop severe hyperbilirubinaemia. In this case, LPS inhibits FXR expression, induces FOXA2 nuclear exclusion and thus abrogates the compensatory MRP2 upregulation. In both Fxr −/− and LPS-treated mice, ectopic FOXA2 expression restored apical MRP2 expression and normalised serum bilirubin levels. Conclusion FOXA2 replaces FXR to maintain MRP2 expression in ALF without sepsis. Ectopic FOXA2 expression to maintain MRP2 represents a potential strategy to prevent hyperbilirubinaemia in septic ALF.

Authors: Sai Wang, Rilu Feng, Shan Shan Wang, Hui Liu, Chen Shao, Yujia Li, Frederik Link, Stefan Munker, Roman Liebe, Christoph Meyer, Elke Burgermeister, Matthias Ebert, Steven Dooley, Huiguo Ding, Honglei Weng

Date Published: 20th Apr 2022

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract

Not specified

Authors: Tao Lin, Shanshan Wang, Stefan Munker, Kyounghwa Jung, Ricardo U. Macías‐Rodríguez, Astrid Ruiz‐Margáin, Robert Schierwagen, Hui Liu, Chen Shao, Chunlei Fan, Rilu Feng, Xiaodong Yuan, Sai Wang, Franziska Wandrer, Christoph Meyer, Ralf Wimmer, Roman Liebe, Jens Kroll, Long Zhang, Tobias Schiergens, Peter ten Dijke, Andreas Teufel, Alexander Marx, Peter R. Mertens, Hua Wang, Matthias P.A. Ebert, Heike Bantel, Enrico De Toni, Jonel Trebicka, Steven Dooley, Donghun Shin, Huiguo Ding, Hong‐Lei Weng

Date Published: 1st Feb 2022

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract

Not specified

Authors: Yujia Li, Weiguo Fan, Frederik Link, Sai Wang, Steven Dooley

Date Published: 1st Feb 2022

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract

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Authors: Lenka Belicova, Urska Repnik, Julien Delpierre, Elzbieta Gralinska, Sarah Seifert, José Ignacio Valenzuela, Hernán Andrés Morales-Navarrete, Christian Franke, Helin Räägel, Evgeniya Shcherbinina, Tatiana Prikazchikova, Victor Koteliansky, Martin Vingron, Yannis L. Kalaidzidis, Timofei Zatsepin, Marino Zerial

Date Published: 4th Oct 2021

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract

Not specified

Authors: Christian H. Holland, Ricardo O. Ramirez Flores, Maiju Myllys, Reham Hassan, Karolina Edlund, Ute Hofmann, Rosemarie Marchan, Cristina Cadenas, Jörg Reinders, Stefan Hoehme, Abdel‐latif Seddek, Steven Dooley, Verena Keitel, Patricio Godoy, Brigitte Begher‐Tibbe, Christian Trautwein, Christian Rupp, Sebastian Mueller, Thomas Longerich, Jan G. Hengstler, Julio Saez‐Rodriguez, Ahmed Ghallab

Date Published: 28th Aug 2021

Publication Type: Journal

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