Genome-Wide Association Study for Alcohol-Related Cirrhosis Identifies Risk Loci in MARC1 and HNRNPUL1.


BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Little is known about genetic factors that affect development of alcohol-related cirrhosis. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of samples from the United Kingdom Biobank (UKB) to identify polymorphisms associated with risk of alcohol-related liver disease. METHODS: We performed a GWAS of 35,839 participants in the UKB with high intake of alcohol against markers of hepatic fibrosis (FIB-4, APRI, and Forns index scores) and hepatocellular injury (levels of aminotransferases). Loci identified in the discovery analysis were tested for their association with alcohol-related cirrhosis in 3 separate European cohorts (phase 1 validation cohort; n=2545). Variants associated with alcohol-related cirrhosis in the validation at a false discovery rate of less than 20% were then directly genotyped in 2 additional European validation cohorts (phase 2 validation, n=2068). RESULTS: In the GWAS of the discovery cohort, we identified 50 independent risk loci with genome-wide significance (P < 5 x 10(-8)). Nine of these loci were significantly associated with alcohol-related cirrhosis in the phase 1 validation cohort; 6 of these 9 loci were significantly associated with alcohol-related cirrhosis in phase 2 validation cohort, at a false discovery rate below 5%. The loci included variants in the mitochondrial amidoxime reducing component 1 gene (MARC1) and the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein U like 1 gene (HNRNPUL1). After we adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, and type-2 diabetes in the phase 2 validation cohort, the minor A allele of MARC1:rs2642438 was associated with reduced risk of alcohol-related cirrhosis (adjusted odds ratio, 0.76; P=.0027); conversely, the minor C allele of HNRNPUL1:rs15052 was associated with an increased risk of alcohol-related cirrhosis (adjusted odds ratio, 1.30; P=.020). CONCLUSIONS: In a GWAS of samples from the UKB, we identified and validated (in 5 European cohorts) single-nucleotide polymorphisms that affect risk of alcohol-related cirrhosis in opposite directions: the minor A allele in MARC1:rs2642438 decreases risk, whereas the minor C allele in HNRNPUL1:rs15052 increases risk.


PubMed ID: 32561361

Projects: LiSyM Pillar I: Early Metabolic Injury (LiSyM-EMI)

Publication type: Journal

Journal: Gastroenterology

Citation: Gastroenterology. 2020 Jun 16. pii: S0016-5085(20)34767-3. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2020.06.014.

Date Published: 16th Jun 2020

Registered Mode: by PubMed ID

Authors: H. Innes, S. Buch, S. Hutchinson, I. N. Guha, J. R. Morling, E. Barnes, W. Irving, E. Forrest, V. Pedergnan, D. Goldberg, E. Aspinall, S. Barclay, P. Hayes, J. Dillon, H. D. Nischalke, P. Lutz, U. Spengler, J. Fischer, T. Berg, M. Brosch, F. Eyer, C. Datz, S. Mueller, T. Peccerella, P. Deltenre, A. Marot, M. Soyka, A. McQuillin, M. Y. Morgan, J. Hampe, F. Stickel

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Created: 29th Sep 2020 at 12:49

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