Functional consequences of metabolic zonation in murine livers: New insights for an old story.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Zone-dependent differences in the expression of metabolic enzymes along the porto-central axis of the acinus are a long-known feature of liver metabolism. A prominent example is the preferential localization of the enzyme glutamine synthetase in pericentral hepatocytes, where it converts potentially toxic ammonia to the valuable amino acid glutamine. However, with the exception of a few key regulatory enzymes, a comprehensive and quantitative assessment of zonal differences in the abundance of metabolic enzymes and much more importantly, an estimation of the associated functional differences between portal and central hepatocytes is missing thus far. APPROACH & RESULTS: We addressed this problem by establishing a new method for the separation of periportal and pericentral hepatocytes that yields sufficiently pure fractions of both cell populations. Quantitative shotgun proteomics identified hundreds of differentially expressed enzymes in the two cell populations. We used zone-specific proteomics data for scaling of the maximal activities to generate portal and central instantiations of a comprehensive kinetic model of central hepatic metabolism (Hepatokin1). CONCLUSION: The model simulations revealed significant portal-to-central differences in almost all metabolic pathways involving carbohydrates, fatty acids, amino acids and detoxification.

SEEK ID: https://seek.lisym.org/publications/218

PubMed ID: 32286709

Projects: LiSyM Pillar IV: Liver Function Diagnostics (LiSyM-LiFuDi)

Publication type: Not specified

Journal: Hepatology

Citation: Hepatology. 2020 Apr 14. doi: 10.1002/hep.31274.

Date Published: 14th Apr 2020

Registered Mode: Not specified

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Created: 15th Jun 2020 at 13:29

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