Publications

27 Publications visible to you, out of a total of 27

Abstract (Expand)

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Bacterial infections (BI) affect the natural course of cirrhosis and were suggested to be a landmark event marking the transition to the decompensated stage. Our specific aim was to evaluate the impact of BI on the natural history of compensated cirrhosis. METHODS: We analyzed 858 patients with cirrhosis, evaluated for the INCA trial (EudraCT 2013-001626-26) in 2 academic medical centers between February 2014 and May 2019. Only patients with previously compensated disease were included. They were divided into 4 groups: compensated without BI, compensated with BI, 1st decompensation without BI, and 1st decompensation with BI. RESULTS: About 425 patients (median 61 [53-69] years) were included in the final prospective analysis. At baseline, 257 patients were compensated (12 [4.7%] with BI), whereas 168 patients presented with their 1st decompensation (42 [25.0%] with BI). In patients who remained compensated MELD scores were similar in those with and without BI. Patients with their first decompensation and BI had higher MELD scores than those without BI. Amongst patients who remained compensated, BI had no influence on transplant-free survival, whereas patients with their 1st decompensation and concurrent BI had significantly reduced transplant-free survival as compared with those without BI. The development of BI or decompensation during follow-up had a greater impact on survival than each of these complications at baseline. CONCLUSIONS: In compensated patients with cirrhosis, the 1st decompensation associated to BI has worse survival than decompensation without BI. By contrast, BI without decompensation does not negatively impact survival of patients with compensated cirrhosis.

Authors: M. C. Reichert, C. Schneider, R. Greinert, M. Casper, F. Grunhage, A. Wienke, A. Zipprich, F. Lammert, C. Ripoll

Date Published: 1st Mar 2021

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract

Not specified

Authors: P Erdoesi, E Karatayli, F Lammert, S Dooley, S Hammad

Date Published: 2021

Publication Type: Proceedings

Abstract (Expand)

BACKGROUND & AIMS: A common genetic variant near MBOAT7 (rs641738C>T) has been previously associated with hepatic fat and advanced histology in NAFLD; however, these findings have not been consistently replicated in the literature. We aimed to establish whether rs641738C>T is a risk factor across the spectrum of NAFLD and to characterise its role in the regulation of related metabolic phenotypes through a meta-analysis. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of studies with data on the association between rs641738C>T genotype and liver fat, NAFLD histology, and serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), lipids or insulin. These included directly genotyped studies and population-level data from genome-wide association studies (GWAS). We performed a random effects meta-analysis using recessive, additive and dominant genetic models. RESULTS: Data from 1,066,175 participants (9,688 with liver biopsies) across 42 studies were included in the meta-analysis. rs641738C>T was associated with higher liver fat on CT/MRI (+0.03 standard deviations [95% CI 0.02-0.05], pz = 4.8x10(-5)) and diagnosis of NAFLD (odds ratio [OR] 1.17 [95% CI 1.05-1.3], pz = 0.003) in Caucasian adults. The variant was also positively associated with presence of advanced fibrosis (OR 1.22 [95% CI 1.03-1.45], pz = 0.021) in Caucasian adults using a recessive model of inheritance (CC + CT vs. TT). Meta-analysis of data from previous GWAS found the variant to be associated with higher ALT (pz = 0.002) and lower serum triglycerides (pz = 1.5x10(-4)). rs641738C>T was not associated with fasting insulin and no effect was observed in children with NAFLD. CONCLUSIONS: Our study validates rs641738C>T near MBOAT7 as a risk factor for the presence and severity of NAFLD in individuals of European descent. LAY SUMMARY: Fatty liver disease is a common condition where fat builds up in the liver, which can cause liver inflammation and scarring (including 'cirrhosis'). It is closely linked to obesity and diabetes, but some genes are also thought to be important. We did this study to see whether one specific change ('variant') in one gene ('MBOAT7') was linked to fatty liver disease. We took data from over 40 published studies and found that this variant near MBOAT7 is linked to more severe fatty liver disease. This means that drugs designed to work on MBOAT7 could be useful for treating fatty liver disease.

Authors: K. Teo, K. W. M. Abeysekera, L. Adams, E. Aigner, Q. M. Anstee, J. M. Banales, R. Banerjee, P. Basu, T. Berg, P. Bhatnagar, S. Buch, A. Canbay, S. Caprio, A. Chatterjee, Y. D. Ida Chen, A. Chowdhury, A. K. Daly, C. Datz, D. de Gracia Hahn, J. K. DiStefano, J. Dong, A. Duret, C. Emdin, M. Fairey, G. S. Gerhard, X. Guo, J. Hampe, M. Hickman, L. Heintz, C. Hudert, H. Hunter, M. Kelly, J. Kozlitina, M. Krawczyk, F. Lammert, C. Langenberg, J. Lavine, L. Li, H. K. Lim, R. Loomba, P. K. Luukkonen, P. E. Melton, T. A. Mori, N. D. Palmer, C. A. Parisinos, S. G. Pillai, F. Qayyum, M. C. Reichert, S. Romeo, J. I. Rotter, Y. R. Im, N. Santoro, C. Schafmayer, E. K. Speliotes, S. Stender, F. Stickel, C. D. Still, P. Strnad, K. D. Taylor, A. Tybjaerg-Hansen, G. R. Umano, M. Utukuri, L. Valenti, L. E. Wagenknecht, N. J. Wareham, R. M. Watanabe, J. Wattacheril, H. Yaghootkar, H. Yki-Jarvinen, K. A. Young, J. P. Mann

Date Published: 4th Sep 2020

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

BACKGROUND & AIMS: A common genetic variant near MBOAT7 (rs641738C>T) has been previously associated with hepatic fat and advanced histology in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), however, these findings have not been consistently replicated in the literature. We aimed to establish whether rs641738C>T is a risk factor across the spectrum of NAFLD and characterize its role in the regulation of related metabolic phenotypes through meta-analysis. METHODS: We performed meta-analysis of studies with data on the association between rs641738C>T genotype and: liver fat, NAFLD histology, and serum ALT, lipids, or insulin. These included directly genotyped studies and population-level data from genome-wide association studies (GWAS). We performed random effects meta-analysis using recessive, additive, and dominant genetic models. RESULTS: Data from 1,066,175 participants (9,688 with liver biopsies) across 42 studies were included in the meta-analysis. rs641738C>T was associated with higher liver fat on CT/MRI (+0.03 standard deviations [95% CI: 0.02 - 0.05], pz=4.8x10(-5)) and diagnosis of NAFLD (OR 1.17 [95% CI 1.05 - 1.3], pz=0.003) in Caucasian adults. The variant was also positively associated with presence of advanced fibrosis (OR 1.22 [95% CI: 1.03 - 1.45], pz=0.021) in Caucasian adults using a recessive model of inheritance (CC+CT vs. TT). Meta-analysis of data from previous GWAS found the variant to be associated with higher ALT (pz=0.002) and lower serum triglycerides (pz=1.5x10(-4)). rs641738C>T was not associated with fasting insulin and no effect was observed in children with NAFLD. CONCLUSION: Our study validates rs641738C>T near MBOAT7 as a risk factor for the presence and severity of NAFLD in individuals of European descent.

Authors: K. Teo, K. W. M. Abeysekera, L. Adams, E. Aigner, Q. M. Anstee, J. M. Banales, R. Banerjee, P. Basu, T. Berg, P. Bhatnagar, S. Buch, A. Canbay, S. Caprio, A. Chatterjee, Y. D. Ida Chen, A. Chowdhury, A. K. Daly, C. Datz, D. de Gracia Hahn, J. K. DiStefano, J. Dong, A. Duret, C. Emdin, M. Fairey, G. S. Gerhard, X. Guo, J. Hampe, M. Hickman, L. Heintz, C. Hudert, H. Hunter, M. Kelly, J. Kozlitina, M. Krawczyk, F. Lammert, C. Langenberg, J. Lavine, L. Li, H. K. Lim, R. Loomba, P. K. Luukkonen, P. E. Melton, T. A. Mori, N. D. Palmer, C. A. Parisinos, S. G. Pillai, F. Qayyum, M. C. Reichert, S. Romeo, J. I. Rotter, Y. R. Im, N. Santoro, C. Schafmayer, E. K. Speliotes, S. Stender, F. Stickel, C. D. Still, P. Strnad, K. D. Taylor, A. Tybjaerg-Hansen, G. R. Umano, M. Utukuri, L. Valenti, L. E. Wagenknecht, N. J. Wareham, R. M. Watanabe, J. Wattacheril, H. Yaghootkar, H. Yki-Jarvinen, K. A. Young, J. P. Mann

Date Published: 31st Aug 2020

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

BACKGROUND: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is an important therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in cirrhosis. In particular in advanced cirrhosis, post-TACE hepatic failure liver (PTHF) failure may develop. Currently, there is no standardization for the periinterventional risk assessment. The liver maximum capacity (LiMAx) test assesses the functional liver capacity, but has not been investigated in this setting. AIMS: The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate periinterventional LiMAx and CT volumetry measurements in patients with cirrhosis and HCC undergoing repetitive TACE. METHODS: From 06/2016 to 11/2017, eleven patients with HCC and cirrhosis undergoing TACE were included. LiMAx measurements (n = 42) were conducted before and after each TACE. Laboratory parameters were correlated with the volume-function data. RESULTS: The median LiMAx levels before (276 +/- 166 microg/kg/h) were slightly reduced after TACE (251 +/- 122 microg/kg/h; p = 0.08). This corresponded to a median drop of 7.1%. Notably, there was a significant correlation between LiMAx levels before TACE and bilirubin (but not albumin nor albumin-bilirubin [ALBI] score) increase after TACE (p = 0.02, k = 0.56). Furthermore, a significantly higher increase in bilirubin in patients with LiMAx </= 150 microg/kg/h was observed (p = 0.011). LiMAx levels at different time points in single patients were similar (p = 0.2). CONCLUSION: In our prospective pilot study in patients with HCC and cirrhosis undergoing multiple TACE, robust and reliable LiMAx measurements were demonstrated. Lower LiMAx levels before TACE were associated with surrogate markers (bilirubin) of liver failure after TACE. Specific subgroups at high risk of PTHF should be investigated. This might facilitate the future development of strategies to prevent occurrence of PTHF.

Authors: M. C. Reichert, A. Massmann, A. Schulz, A. Buecker, M. Glanemann, F. Lammert, M. Malinowski

Date Published: 21st Aug 2020

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Carriage of rs738409:G in patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 3 (PNPLA3) is associated with an increased risk for developing alcohol-related cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recently, rs72613567:TA in hydroxysteroid 17-beta dehydrogenase 13 (HSD17B13) was shown to be associated with a reduced risk for developing alcohol-related liver disease and to attenuate the risk associated with carriage of PNPLA3 rs738409:G. This study explores the risk associations between these two genetic variants and the development of alcohol-related cirrhosis and HCC. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Variants in HSD17B13 and PNPLA3 were genotyped in 6,171 participants, including 1,031 with alcohol-related cirrhosis and HCC, 1,653 with alcohol-related cirrhosis without HCC, 2,588 alcohol misusers with no liver disease, and 899 healthy controls. Genetic associations with the risks for developing alcohol-related cirrhosis and HCC were determined using logistic regression analysis. Carriage of HSD17B13 rs72613567:TA was associated with a lower risk for developing both cirrhosis (odds ratio [OR], 0.79; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.72-0.88; P = 8.13 x 10(-6) ) and HCC (OR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.68-0.89; P = 2.27 x 10(-4) ), whereas carriage of PNPLA3 rs738409:G was associated with an increased risk for developing cirrhosis (OR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.54-1.88; P = 1.52 x 10(-26) ) and HCC (OR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.58-1.98; P = 2.31 x 10(-23) ). These associations remained significant after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, type 2 diabetes, and country. Carriage of HSD17B13 rs72613567:TA attenuated the risk for developing cirrhosis associated with PNPLA3 rs738409:G in both men and women, but the protective effect against the subsequent development of HCC was only observed in men (ORallelic , 0.75; 95% CI, 0.64-0.87; P = 1.72 x 10(-4) ). CONCLUSIONS: Carriage of variants in PNPLA3 and HSD17B13 differentially affect the risk for developing advanced alcohol-related liver disease. A genotypic/phenotypic risk score might facilitate earlier diagnosis of HCC in this population.

Authors: F. Stickel, P. Lutz, S. Buch, H. D. Nischalke, I. Silva, V. Rausch, J. Fischer, K. H. Weiss, D. Gotthardt, J. Rosendahl, A. Marot, M. Elamly, M. Krawczyk, M. Casper, F. Lammert, T. W. M. Buckley, A. McQuillin, U. Spengler, F. Eyer, A. Vogel, S. Marhenke, J. von Felden, H. Wege, R. Sharma, S. Atkinson, A. Franke, S. Nehring, V. Moser, C. Schafmayer, L. Spahr, C. Lackner, R. E. Stauber, A. Canbay, A. Link, L. Valenti, J. I. Grove, G. P. Aithal, J. U. Marquardt, W. Fateen, S. Zopf, J. F. Dufour, J. Trebicka, C. Datz, P. Deltenre, S. Mueller, T. Berg, J. Hampe, M. Y. Morgan

Date Published: 21st Oct 2019

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

BACKGROUND: Transjugular intrahepatic shunt (TIPSS) is placed in patients with variceal bleeding, refractory ascites, and for other indications. Postprocedural liver function-associated complications (LFAC), including hepatic encephalopathy (HE) and liver failure, represent a major setback. Current methods to predict complications are insufficient. OBJECTIVES: We investigated in a pilot study of patients prior TIPSS placement whether the risk of LFAC correlates with the functional reserve of the liver, as assessed by liver maximum function capacity (LiMAx) test. METHODS: Prospectively we included patients prior TIPSS placement between June 2016 and November 2017 at Saarland University Medical Center. LiMAx was conducted before and after TIPSS placement. Patients with HE prior TIPSS, as well as other factors predisposing to HE, including concomitant sedative drugs, current bacterial infections and sepsis, were excluded. Overt HE (OHE), LiMAx, and laboratory values were assessed before and after TIPSS placement. Data were analyzed in multivariate regression and AUROC models. RESULTS: Mean age was 60 +/- 8 years. Patients (n = 20) were mainly men (65%), and presented predominantly with Child-Pugh class B (90%). Indications for TIPSS were most commonly refractory ascites or recurrent variceal bleeding. In total, 40% of the patients developed LFAC after TIPSS placement. Expectedly, LiMAx decreased and serum bilirubin increased after TIPSS. LiMAx drop >/=20% was the only parameter predicting the development of LFAC after TIPSS in multivariate regression and AUROC analysis. CONCLUSIONS: In multivariate regression models and AUROC analysis, a drop in LiMAx predicted the development of LFAC after TIPSS placement. Additional larger studies assessing OHE and early liver failure separately are warranted.

Authors: M. C. Reichert, A. Schulz, A. Massmann, A. Buecker, M. Glanemann, F. Lammert, M. Malinowski

Date Published: 17th Oct 2019

Publication Type: Journal

Abstract (Expand)

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and alcohol-related liver disease pose an important challenge to current clinical healthcare pathways because of the large number of at-risk patients. Therefore, we aimed to explore the cost-effectiveness of transient elastography (TE) as a screening method to detect liver fibrosis in a primary care pathway. METHODS: Cost-effectiveness analysis was performed using real-life individual patient data from 6 independent prospective cohorts (5 from Europe and 1 from Asia). A diagnostic algorithm with conditional inference trees was developed to explore the relationships between liver stiffness, socio-demographics, comorbidities, and hepatic fibrosis, the latter assessed by fibrosis scores (FIB-4, NFS) and liver biopsies in a subset of 352 patients. We compared the incremental cost-effectiveness of a screening strategy against standard of care alongside the numbers needed to screen to diagnose a patient with fibrosis stage >/=F2. RESULTS: The data set encompassed 6,295 participants (mean age 55+/-12years, BMI 27+/-5kg/m(2), liver stiffness 5.6+/-5.0kPa). A 9.1kPa TE cut-off provided the best accuracy for the diagnosis of significant fibrosis (>/=F2) in general population settings, whereas a threshold of 9.5kPa was optimal for populations at-risk of alcohol-related liver disease. TE with the proposed cut-offs outperformed fibrosis scores in terms of accuracy. Screening with TE was cost-effective with mean incremental cost-effectiveness ratios ranging from 2,570 euro/QALY (95% CI 2,456-2,683) for a population at-risk of alcohol-related liver disease (age >/=45years) to 6,217 euro/QALY (95% CI 5,832-6,601) in the general population. Overall, there was a 12% chance of TE screening being cost saving across countries and populations. CONCLUSIONS: Screening for liver fibrosis with TE in primary care is a cost-effective intervention for European and Asian populations and may even be cost saving. LAY SUMMARY: The lack of optimized public health screening strategies for the detection of liver fibrosis in adults without known liver disease presents a major healthcare challenge. Analyses from 6 independent international cohorts, with transient elastography measurements, show that a community-based risk-stratification strategy for alcohol-related and non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases is cost-effective and potentially cost saving for our healthcare systems, as it leads to earlier identification of patients.

Authors: M. Serra-Burriel, I. Graupera, P. Toran, M. Thiele, D. Roulot, V. Wai-Sun Wong, I. Neil Guha, N. Fabrellas, A. Arslanow, C. Exposito, R. Hernandez, G. Lai-Hung Wong, D. Harman, S. Darwish Murad, A. Krag, G. Pera, P. Angeli, P. Galle, G. P. Aithal, L. Caballeria, L. Castera, P. Gines, F. Lammert

Date Published: 31st Aug 2019

Publication Type: Not specified

Abstract (Expand)

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is among the most common genetic disorders. Severe AATD is caused by a homozygous mutation in the SERPINA1 gene that encodes the Glu342Lys substitution (called the Pi*Z mutation, Pi*ZZ genotype). Pi*ZZ carriers may develop lung and liver diseases. Mutation-associated lung disorders have been well studied, but less is known about the effects in liver. We assessed the liver disease burden and associated features in adults with this form of AATD. METHODS: We collected data from 554 Pi*ZZ adults (403 in an exploratory cohort, 151 in a confirmatory cohort), in 9 European countries, with AATD who were homozygous for the Pi*Z mutation, and 234 adults without the Pi*Z mutation (controls), all without pre-existing liver disease. We collected data on demographic parameters, comorbidities, lung- and liver-related health, and blood samples for laboratory analysis. Liver fibrosis was assessed non-invasively via the serum tests Aspartate Aminotransferase to Platelet Ratio Index and HepaScore and via transient elastography. Liver steatosis was determined via transient elastography-based controlled attenuation parameter. We performed histologic analyses of livers from transgenic mice that overexpress the AATD-associated Pi*Z variant. RESULTS: Serum levels of liver enzymes were significantly higher in Pi*ZZ carriers vs controls. Based on non-invasive tests for liver fibrosis, significant fibrosis was suspected in 20%-36% of Pi*ZZ carriers, whereas signs of advanced fibrosis were 9- to 20-fold more common in Pi*ZZ carriers compared to non-carriers. Male sex; age older than 50 years; increased levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, or gamma-glutamyl transferase; and low numbers of platelets were associated with higher liver fibrosis burden. We did not find evidence for a relationship between lung function and liver fibrosis. Controlled attenuation parameter >/=280 dB/m, suggesting severe steatosis, was detected in 39% of Pi*ZZ carriers vs 31% of controls. Carriers of Pi*ZZ had lower serum concentrations of triglyceride and low- and very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol than controls, suggesting impaired hepatic secretion of lipid. Livers from Pi*Z-overexpressing mice had steatosis and down-regulation of genes involved in lipid secretion. CONCLUSIONS: In studies of AATD adults with the Pi*ZZ mutation, and of Pi*Z-overexpressing mice, we found evidence of liver steatosis and impaired lipid secretion. We identified factors associated with significant liver fibrosis in patients, which could facilitate hepatologic assessment and counseling of individuals who carry the Pi*ZZ mutation. ClinicalTrials.gov Number NCT02929940.

Authors: K. Hamesch, M. Mandorfer, V. M. Pereira, L. S. Moeller, M. Pons, G. E. Dolman, M. C. Reichert, C. V. Schneider, V. Woditsch, J. Voss, C. Lindhauer, M. Fromme, I. Spivak, N. Guldiken, B. Zhou, A. Arslanow, B. Schaefer, H. Zoller, E. Aigner, T. Reiberger, M. Wetzel, B. Siegmund, C. Simoes, R. Gaspar, L. Maia, D. Costa, M. Bento-Miranda, J. van Helden, E. Yagmur, D. Bzdok, J. Stolk, W. Gleiber, V. Knipel, W. Windisch, R. Mahadeva, R. Bals, R. Koczulla, M. Barrecheguren, M. Miravitlles, S. Janciauskiene, F. Stickel, F. Lammert, R. Liberal, J. Genesca, W. J. Griffiths, M. Trauner, A. Krag, C. Trautwein, P. Strnad

Date Published: 24th May 2019

Publication Type: Not specified

Abstract

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Authors: Ersin Karatayli, Rabea A. Hall, Susanne N. Weber, Steven Dooley, Frank Lammert

Date Published: 1st Feb 2019

Publication Type: Not specified

Abstract (Expand)

OBJECTIVES: Common nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain containing 2 (NOD2) gene variants have been associated with bacterial infections (BIs) in cirrhosis, in particular, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and mortality. Our aim was to evaluate the independent association of NOD2 variants with BI according to the decompensation stage. METHODS: Consecutive patients with cirrhosis in 2 academic medical centers were included and genotyped for the NOD2 variants p.R702W, p.G908R, and c.3020insC. Electronic medical records were screened for BI (requiring antibiotic therapy) and past and present decompensation (as defined by variceal bleeding, encephalopathy, ascites, and/or jaundice). Clinically significant portal hypertension (CSPH) was assessed with liver stiffness and/or hepatic venous pressure gradient measurements. RESULTS: Overall, 735 patients were recruited (men 65%; interquartile age range 53-68 years). Alcoholic cirrhosis was the predominant etiology (n = 406, 55%), and most patients were in the decompensated stage (n = 531, 72%). In total, 158 patients (21%) carried at least one NOD2 variant. BIs were detected in 263 patients (36%), and NOD2 variants were associated with BI (odds ratio = 1.58; 95% confidence interval 1.11-2.27; P = 0.02). In compensated patients, the combination of NOD2 variants and presence of CSPH was the best independent predictors of BI, whereas other factors, such as spleen size and hemoglobin, and decompensations including hepatic encephalopathy or jaundice, gained relevance in decompensated patients. CONCLUSIONS: NOD2 risk variants are associated with BI in cirrhosis. The genetic effect on BI is strongest in compensated patients, whereas in decompensated patients their presence is less relevant. In this situation, CSPH becomes an independent factor associated with BI.

Authors: M. C. Reichert, C. Ripoll, M. Casper, R. Greinert, E. Vandieken, F. Grunhage, B. Appenrodt, A. Zipprich, F. Lammert

Date Published: 1st Feb 2019

Publication Type: Not specified

Abstract (Expand)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: ACLF is usually associated with a precipitant in the setting of a chronically damaged liver. We aim to combine a mouse model with a pre-injured liver (Abcb4/Mdr2(-/-)) with a recently standardized ethanol feeding model to dissect alcohol-related inflammatory responses in this model. METHOD: Ten (n=64) and 15 (n=64) week old wild-type (WT) C57BL/6J and Abcb4(-/-) knock-out (KO) mice were either fed control (WT/Cont and KO/Cont groups) or liquid ethanol diet (5% v/v) followed by an ethanol binge (4mg/kg) (WT/EtOH and KO/EtOH groups). Hepatic mRNA levels of IL6, IFN-G, IL-1B, TGFB1, TNF-A, CCL2, HGF, CRP, RANTES, PNPLA3 and COL3A1 were evaluated using the 2(-DeltaDeltaCt) method. IL6 and HGF plasma levels were quantified by ELISA. RESULTS: Older mice in KO/EtOH group displayed higher IL6 expressions compared to KO/Cont, WT/EtOH and WT/Cont groups of the same age, whereas HGF did not differ. Significant over-expression of CCL2 also corresponded to the same group. Males in KO/EtOH group exhibited higher IL6 expression than females. Lipid droplets were observed in about 80% of mice challenged with ethanol. There was a profound downregulation in PNPLA3 and RANTES levels after ethanol exposure. Mean size of the LDs was inversely correlated with hepatic PNPLA3 levels. CONCLUSION: We propose a novel promising approach to model alcohol-related ACLI. Acute inflammatory IL6-driven response might help transition from a stable chronic state to a progressive liver damage in Abcb4(-/-) mice. Repression of PNPLA3 resulted in a notable expansion in size of lipid droplets, indicating lipid remodeling in this model.

Authors: E. Karatayli, R. A. Hall, S. N. Weber, S. Dooley, F. Lammert

Date Published: 15th Nov 2018

Publication Type: Not specified

Abstract

Not specified

Authors: Matthias Reichert, Frank Lammert

Date Published: 24th Oct 2018

Publication Type: Not specified

Abstract (Expand)

OBJECTIVES: Variants in patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing 3 (PNPLA3; rs738409), transmembrane 6 superfamily member 2 (TM6SF2; rs58542926), and membrane bound O-acyltransferase domain containingg 7 (MBOAT7; rs641738) are risk factors for the development of alcohol-related cirrhosis. Within this population, PNPLA3 rs738409 is also an established risk factor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to explore possible risk associations of TM6SF2 rs58542926 and MBOAT7 rs641738 with HCC. METHODS: Risk variants in PNPLA3, TM6SF2, and MBOAT7 were genotyped in 751 cases with alcohol-related cirrhosis and HCC and in 1165 controls with alcohol-related cirrhosis without HCC. Association with the risk of developing HCC was analyzed using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: The development of HCC was independently associated with PNPLA3 rs738409 (ORadjusted 1.84 [95% CI 1.55-2.18], p = 1.85 × 10-12) and TM6SF2 rs58542926 (ORadjusted 1.66 [1.30-2.13], p = 5.13 × 10-05), using an additive model, and controlling the sex, age, body mass index, and type 2 diabetes mellitus; the risk associated with carriage of MBOAT7 rs641738 (ORadjusted 1.04 [0.88-1.24], p = 0.61) was not significant. The population-attributable fractions were 43.5% for PNPLA3 rs738409, 11.5% for TM6SF2 rs58542926, and 49.9% for the carriage of both the variants combined. CONCLUSIONS: Carriage of TM6SF2 rs58542926 is an additional risk factor for the development of HCC in people with alcohol-related cirrhosis. Carriage of both PNPLA3 rs738409 and TM6SF2 rs58542926 accounts for half of the attributable risk for HCC in this population. Genotyping will allow for more precise HCC risk-stratification of patients with alcohol-related cirrhosis, and genotype-guided screening algorithms would optimize patient care.

Authors: Felix Stickel, Stephan Buch, Hans Dieter Nischalke, Karl Heinz Weiss, Daniel Gotthardt, Janett Fischer, Jonas Rosendahl, Astrid Marot, Mona Elamly, Markus Casper, Frank Lammert, Andrew McQuillin, Steffen Zopf, Ulrich Spengler, Silke Marhenke, Martha M. Kirstein, Arndt Vogel, Florian Eyer, Johann von Felden, Henning Wege, Thorsten Buch, Clemens Schafmayer, Felix Braun, Pierre Deltenre, Thomas Berg, Marsha Y. Morgan, Jochen Hampe

Date Published: 1st Oct 2018

Publication Type: Not specified

Abstract

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Authors: Ahmed Ghallab, Ute Hofmann, Selahaddin Sezgin, Nachiket Vartak, Reham Hassan, Ayham Zaza, Patricio Godoy, Kai Markus Schneider, Georgia Guenther, Yasser A Ahmed, Aya A Abbas, Verena Keitel, Lars Kuepfer, Steven Dooley, Frank Lammert, Christian Trautwein, Michael Spiteller, Dirk Drasdo, Alan F Hofmann, Peter L M Jansen, Jan G Hengstler, Raymond Reif

Date Published: 13th Aug 2018

Publication Type: Not specified

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